Mount Rinjani

Mount Rinjani is a volcano that forming the second highest in Indonesia after mount Kerinci in Sumatra. It is one of at least 129 active volcanoes that present in Indonesian archipelago and rises to 3,726 m above sea level and has a large caldera

Mount Rinjani

Mount Rinjani

approximately 6×8,5 kilometers which is partially filled by the oval-shaped crater lake known as Segara anak. The lake is around 2,000 m above sea level and estimated to be 230 m deep. In the east part of the caldera grow a small cone called Gunung baru jari that has its own caldera of 170×200 m and around 2,375 m above sea level in height. Mount Rinjani is one of the volcanoes of the Sunda arc trench system forming part of the pacific ring of fire, a section of fault lines stretching from the western hemisphere through Japan and south east Asia. The sunda arc is home to some of the world’s most dangerous and explosive volcanoes. The eruption of nearby mount Tambora on Sumbawa is known for the most violent eruption in recorded history on 15 April 1815, with the scale 7 on the

Rinjani crater lake

Rinjani crater lake

volcanic explosivity index. The first historical eruption of mount Rinjani occurred in September 1847, while the most recent eruption was in May 2010 and the most recent significant eruptions occurred during a spate of activity from 1994-1995 which

resulted in the further development of gunung baru jari. The historical eruption at mount Rinjani dating back to 1847 have been restricted to Baru jari cone and consist of moderate explosive activity and occasional lava flows that have entered

Segara anak lake. The eruptive of Rinjani prior to 1847 is not available as the Island of Lombok is in a location that remained very remote to the record keeping of the era. The mount Rinjani and the caldera are protected by the Gunung

Gunung baru jari

Gunung baru jari

Rinjani Nationa Park established in 1997. It is getting increasingly popular with trekkers able to visit the rim to make their way into the caldera or even to make the more arduous climb
to the highest point. The park is popular with the mountain climbs and trekking and represents an important nature reserve and water catchment area. The park is
officially 41,330 hectares within the park boundaries and includes a further 66,000 of protected forest outside. Mount Rinjani has obtained the World Legacy Award
from International Conservation and traveler in 2004 and was a finalist for tourism for tomorrow award in 2005 and 2008 from the World Travel Tourism Council (WTTC.)

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